The Food Safety Standards Act was passed on 23rd August, 2006, by the parliament. The Government of India on notification set a body known as the Food Safety Standards Authority of India that formulated the Food Safety Standards Regulations (FSSR), 2011 that came in to effect from the 5th of August, 2011. The Ministry of Health & Welfare governs the Food Safety Standards Authority of India (FSSAI). FSSAI governs all food business operators in the country & has entrusted the powers at various levels to other designated authorities like the FDA to speed the process of granting registration or licenses. With the law coming into effect last year, it becomes absolutely mandatory for every food business operator to register themselves under FSSAI or acquire a license.
If the turnover of the firm is less than 12 lakhs per annum or their daily production capacity is less than 100 kg per day then you are eligible for this category of registration.
If turnover of your firm is more than 12 lakhs and upto 20 crores and daily production capacity is upto 2 MT per day then you fall under this category.
If turnover of your firm is more than 20 and production capacity is more than 2 MT then you fall under this central category. If you are into import or export of food products then you have to opt Central license of FSSAI irrespective of turnover or production capacity of unit.
The Standard Weights & Measures Act, 1976 is however, not covered under the FSS Act. Any food business operator that fails to comply with the conditions will have their license suspended or cancelled without a refund of fee. The maximum punishment for violating the regulations is a fine of Rs. 10 lacs & 3 yrs imprisonment. The validity of the license may be anywhere from 1-5 yrs from the date of registration along with periodic inspections as & when ordered by the authority. Every FBO whose annual turnover is below 12 lacs you definitely need to register where as if annual turnover is above 12 lacs the FBO needs to get a license. Every FBO must also file returns with respect to the class of food products handled by him for the previous year.